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How to Create Custom Hooks in React: Simplified Guide with Examples

by | May 7, 2024

Heard about custom hooks but not sure how to harness their power? In this blog post, we’ll delve into the wonderful world of custom hooks in React, breaking down what they are, how to create them, and why they’re a game-changer for your projects.

What Are Custom Hooks?

Custom hooks are functions that allow you to extract and reuse stateful logic from components. They enable you to keep your components clean, concise, and focused on rendering UI, while moving complex logic into reusable functions. Think of custom hooks as Lego blocks for your React applications – they help you build complex structures with ease.

How to Create Custom Hooks?

Creating a custom hook is as simple as defining a function with a prefix of “use”. Let’s say we want to create a custom hook to fetch data from an API. Here’s how we can do it:

import { useState, useEffect } from 'react';

function useFetchData(url) {
  const [data, setData] = useState(null);
  const [isLoading, setIsLoading] = useState(true);

  useEffect(() => {
    const fetchData = async () => {
      try {
        const response = await fetch(url);
        const jsonData = await response.json();
      } catch (error) {
        console.error('Error fetching data:', error);

  }, [url]);

  return { data, isLoading };

export default useFetchData;


With this custom hook, we can easily fetch data from any API by simply calling useFetchData(url) within our components.

Why Are Custom Hooks Good?

  1. Reusability: Custom hooks promote code reuse, making it easier to share logic across different components and projects. Once you create a custom hook, you can use it wherever you need similar functionality.
  2. Separation of Concerns: By abstracting logic into custom hooks, you can keep your components focused on presentation concerns. This separation enhances code readability and maintainability.
  3. Simplified Testing: Since custom hooks are functions, they can be easily tested in isolation. This makes it simpler to write unit tests for your application logic.
  4. Encapsulation of Stateful Logic: Custom hooks encapsulate stateful logic, allowing you to maintain clean and concise components. This improves the overall organization of your codebase.

Example: Authentication Custom Hook

Let’s say we want to create a custom hook for managing authentication state. Here’s how it could look:

import { useState } from 'react';

function useAuthentication() {
  const [isLoggedIn, setIsLoggedIn] = useState(false);

  const login = () => {
    // Logic for authenticating user

  const logout = () => {
    // Logic for logging out user

  return { isLoggedIn, login, logout };

export default useAuthentication;

With this custom hook, managing authentication in our React app becomes a breeze. We can simply use useAuthentication() within our components to access authentication state and functions.


Custom hooks are a powerful feature of React that enable code reuse, maintainability, and separation of concerns. By encapsulating logic into reusable functions, you can build scalable and maintainable React applications with ease. So, what are you waiting for? Start leveraging the power of custom hooks in your next project and watch your productivity soar!


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