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[Solved] “Cannot find module fs/promises” in NodeJS

by | Jan 22, 2024


Node.js is a popular tool that lets developers run JavaScript code outside of web browsers. It’s well-liked for handling server tasks efficiently, especially those involving asynchronous operations. Asynchronous programming in Node.js helps run non-blocking code, boosting performance.

If you’re working with Node.js, you might run into the ‘Cannot find module fs/promises’ error. This hiccup often occurs when using the ‘fs/promises’ module, a part of Node.js’s File System (fs) module. ‘fs/promises’ offers a cleaner way to handle asynchronous tasks with promises.

In this guide, we’ll discuss the importance of promises in Node.js and why you might encounter the ‘Cannot find module fs/promises’ error. We’ll also share practical solutions to help you overcome this issue, making it easier for all levels of Node.js users. Whether you’re new to Node.js or want a better understanding of asynchronous programming, this guide is here to provide a straightforward solution for dealing with the ‘fs/promises’ module.

What Are fs/promises?

In simple terms, the fs/promises module in Node.js is a way for developers to work with files and the filesystem using a feature called promises. In programming, promises are a way to handle asynchronous operations more easily.

The fs module in Node.js provides functions for working with files, like reading or writing data. The fs/promises module, introduced in Node.js version 10.0.0 and later, specifically offers a set of functions that work with files and use promises.

Using promises makes it easier to manage tasks that take some time to complete, such as reading a large file or fetching data from the internet. With fs/promises, developers can write code that is more concise and easier to understand when dealing with file-related operations.

In earlier versions of Node.js, before version 10.0.0, developers had to use a different approach or syntax for handling asynchronous operations with the fs module. The introduction of fs/promises simplifies this process, providing a more modern and streamlined way to work with files in a Node.js application.

Promises to Handle Async Operations

Promises are a way for JavaScript to handle asynchronous operations, like fetching data from a server or reading a file. They make it easier to write code that doesn’t get tangled up in callbacks. Instead of relying on nested callbacks, promises allow you to chain functions together in a more readable way.

Node.js, a runtime for executing JavaScript code outside of a web browser, has evolved over different versions. Each version brings improvements and new features. When it comes to promises, Node.js has seen changes in how it handles asynchronous tasks.

In the earlier versions of Node.js, callbacks were the primary method for dealing with asynchronous operations. While functional, this approach could lead to “callback hell” – a situation where nested callbacks made the code hard to read and maintain. It also made error handling more complex.

As Node.js evolved, it introduced the concept of promises. Promises provide a cleaner and more organized way to manage asynchronous code. With promises, you can attach functions to handle success and failure, making error handling more straightforward. This improvement in readability and maintainability has been a significant positive implication of using promises in Node.js.

Moreover, the evolution of Node.js versions has brought enhancements to the native support for promises. The introduction of the util.promisify utility in later versions allows developers to convert callback-based functions into promise-based ones easily. This simplifies the transition from older callback-style code to the more modern promise-based approach.

In summary, the use of promises in Node.js has improved the way developers handle asynchronous operations, making the code more readable and maintainable. The evolution of Node.js versions has played a crucial role in this, introducing features like native promise support and utilities for working with promises efficiently. As developers migrate to newer Node.js versions, they can take advantage of these improvements to write cleaner and more organized asynchronous code.

Understanding the Error

When attempting to use the fs module promises syntax in a Node.js application, users often encounter the error message “Cannot find module fs/promises”. This error can be confusing, especially concerning the filesystem (fs) module promises in more recent Node.js versions.

Causes of the Error Cannot find module fs/promises

Node.js Version

The introduction of the official fs/promises module in Node.js version 10.0.0 has implications for this error. Prior to this release, a similar error occurred when using promises syntax directly with the fs module.

  • For Node.js 10.0.0 and later: The fs/promises module was introduced, enabling developers to use promises directly. To resolve this, it is recommended to upgrade your Node.js version using a version manager like nvm or nvm-windows.

Outdated npm Packages

Reviewing and updating project dependencies is crucial. Use the following commands to identify outdated packages and update them:

npm outdated
npm update

Incorrect Import Statement

For users with older versions of Node.js without native support for fs/promises, it’s essential to import the fs module correctly.

  • For Node.js 10.0.0 and later:
// Correct import for Node.js 10.0.0 and later
const { promises: fsPromises } = require('fs');
  • For older Node.js versions:
// For older Node.js versions
const fsPromises = require('fs').promises;

Package Lock File

Generating and maintaining a package-lock.json file is important for version control. Run the following commands to create the package-lock.json file and update dependencies:

npm install
rm -rf node_modules
npm install

Potential Pitfalls and Troubleshooting Tips

  1. Node.js Version Compatibility: Pitfall: The project may require a specific Node.js version incompatible with the ‘fs/promises’ module. Tip: Confirm the Node.js version required by your project and ensure it supports the ‘fs/promises’ module.
  2. Module Installation Issues: Pitfall: Installation problems might occur due to npm or yarn issues. Tip: Clear the npm or yarn cache and reinstall the project dependencies.
  3. File System Module Presence: Pitfall: The ‘fs/promises’ module may be missing or corrupted. Tip: Reinstall the Node.js runtime or the ‘fs/promises’ module using the package manager.
  4. Incorrect Import Syntax: Pitfall: Typos or syntax errors in the import statement. Tip: Double-check the spelling and syntax of the import statement for ‘fs/promises’.

By understanding these potential pitfalls and following the troubleshooting tips, developers can navigate through and effectively resolve the “Cannot find module fs/promises” error, ensuring a smoother experience with Node.js asynchronous programming.


To successfully address the “Cannot find module fs/promises” error, it is essential to adapt import statements, upgrade Node.js to a compatible version, and ensure dependencies are up to date. By following these solutions, users can effectively resolve the issue and continue working on their Node.js applications without interruption.


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